Cedar Instruments

From CedarWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Return to the instrument list

1620 - DUM - Durham N Hampshire Meteor Wind Radar
Instrument Type: Instrument > Radar > MiddleAtmosphereRadar > MeteorWindRadar
Observatory: None
Observation Site: DUM - Durham N Hampshire Meteor Wind Radar
Operating Mode:

Instrument Page: DUM

These are monthly climatology neutral tidal winds in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere for data taken between 1978 and 1982 by the meteor wind radar at Durham, New Hampshire. The meteor wind radar at Durham, New Hampshire (43.12 Deg.N, 70.94 Deg.W) has operated routinely during most years since 1974. The radar looks at 45 deg. elevation in the Northeast and Northwest directions with beamwidths of +-20 degrees. The system is a computer controlled coherent pulsed radar at 36.8 Mhz. Measurements are made of the direction cosines, slant range, and slant range doppler. Since a horizontal wind is assumed, only measurements with zenith angles less than 60 degrees are used in the tidal analysis. The height of the meteor trail reflection points have a Gaussian distribution centered at approximately 95 km with a standard deviation of approximately 9 km. Significant results are achieved by averaging over 4 days. These are the 12 monthly climatologies created by binning 4-day averages over 5 years in the appropriate month. The tidal analysis is based on the method developed by Groves (1959) using 30 coefficients. The results are least mean square fits to the data. The error bars are about 8 m/s at 80 and 107 km, and are about 5 m/s at 95 km. The phases are given only to the nearest hour, which refers to Eastern Standard Time (EST = UT - 5 hrs). The local mean solar time for Durham is the Universal Time minus 4 hours and 44 minutes.