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|831 - SYE - Syowa East (Antarctica) HF Radar|
Instrument Type: Instrument > Radar > CoherentIonosphericRadar > HFRadar
Observation Site: SYE - Syowa East (Antarctica) HF Radar
Instrument Page: SYEDescription:
The Syowa East HF radar is located in Antarctica (69.00 deg S, 39.58 deg E) and looks over a section of ionosphere poleward of 70 deg S that includes the east Antarctica ice cap and the southern ocean. It has operated since 1997. The facility is part of the SuperDARN network of HF radars that extends from Alaska to Scandinavia in the Northern hemisphere and covers much of Antarctica in the Southern hemisphere. The SuperDARN radar for the most direct 2-D merging of Syowa velocity data is located at Kerguelen. The radar forms and steers its beam by the phasing of transmissions from 16 elements in a linear antenna array. A second 4-element array provide the capability to measure elevation angle. The basic radar operation consists of the following steps: i) selection of a beam position (0-15) ii) search for the quietest 5-kHz channel about the assigned transmitting frequency (8-20 MHz) iii) repeated transmission of a multi-pulse sequence over the selected integration period and reception of backscattered signal with gating in range (1-70) iv) calculation of the auto-correlation functions (ACFs). These operations are usually carried out in sequence for the 16 beam positions, which collectively constitute 1 scan. The beam integration period is usually 7 sec, and the scan repeat time is then 120 sec (2 min). Within a scan, beam 0 corresponds to the most westward beam position and beam 15 to the most eastward. The azimuth sector scanned is approximately 50 deg wide and is centered on 107.0 deg E of N, or about 52 degrees east of the look direction for Syowa South.