Timted:Ground Based Instruments

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GBI Sites for TIMED

Basic geophysical parameters vary according to the type of the Ground-Based Instrument (GBI). The radars can take data day and night, while for the most part, the remaining optical instruments only work at night and their basic parameter is brightness (B). The following list gives the major geophysical parameters for the following instrument classes. There are omissions. Locations are then given for the instruments, where instrument types with a '*' are not official TIMED instruments, but are willing to donate their data to the TIMED project. (This is probably true of most of the ground-based instruments in the CEDAR Database.) The ISR and HFR scan many degrees in latitude, so the overhead location is not always appropriate. However, for lower thermosphere studies, the overhead location of the ISR is an approximation. The value of the HFR are continuous maps of the ionospheric global convection.

  • 8-10 ISR - IS Radars (campaigns; ~100-500 km: Ne, Te, Ti, Vi; ~100-130 km: Vn, Un)
  • 15 HFR - HF Radars (Vi ~100-500 km in irregularities; 9 NH radars readily available)
  • 36 MLTR - MLT Radars (Vn, Un hourly ~60-100 km)
  • 4-5 IMINT - Broadband/Narrowband Intensity Imagers (images ~400x400 km showing gravity waves ~87 and/or 94 km)
  • 1-2 NIMTN - Narrowband Tn Imagers (Tn ~87 and/or 94 km during the night)
  • 1 SCPH - 1 Scanning 6-Channel Photometer (calibrated or uncalibrated brightness)
  • 3 4CFP - 4 Channel Filter Photometers (auroral flux and mean energy, [O]/[O]MSIS)
  • 7 MI - Michelson Interferometers (Tn,B ~87 km, waves)
  • 5-6 CCDS - CCD Spectrophotometers and 1 EFS (airglow Tn,B ~87, 93 km; waves; aurora Tn,B N2, N2+, O2)
  • 1-3 LID and 1 RLD - Sodium Lidars ([Na], Tn, Un, Vn hourly ~75-115 km) and Rayleigh Lidars (neutral density, Tn ~45-95 km)
  • 2-4 FPS - Fabry-Perot Spectrometers (B, Tn, Un/Vn/Wn at ~240 km or ~97 km)


Site Lat Lon Type Kinst Contact

South Pole, Antarctica

-90.00 0.00 MI 5700 G. G. Sivjee
South Pole, Antarctica -90.00 0.00 EFS 3000 G. G. Sivjee
South Pole, Antarctica -90.00 0.00 CCDS 3001 G. G. Sivjee
South Pole, Antarctica -90.00 0.00 MLTR 1500 S. Avery

Scott Base, Antarctica

-78. 167. MLTR 1210 Lawrence

Halley, Antarctica

-75.52 -26.63 HFR 820 M. Pinnock

SANAE, Antarctica

-71.68 -2.85 HFR 825 A. D. Walker

Syowa South, Antarctica

-69.00 39.58 HFR 830 N. Sato

Syowa East, Antarctica

-69.01 39.61 HFR 831 N. Sato
Sjowa, Antarctica -69. 40. MLTR 1214 T. Aso

Davis, Antarctica

-68.6 78.0 MF 1215 R. Vincent
Davis, Antarctica -68. 78. RLD* 6025 A. Klekociuk

Rothera, Antarctica

-67.57 68.12 MLTR 1221 D. Fritts

Kergeulen Is

-49.35 70.26 HFR 834 J.-P. Villain
TIGER, Australia -43.38 147.23 HFR 836 P. Dyson
Adelaide, Australia -34.93 138.60 CCDS 3040 G. G. Sivjee

Adelaide, Australia

-35. 138. MLTR 1240 R. Vincent

Rarotonga, Cook Islands

-21.5 -160. MLTR 1245 D. Fritts

Jicamarca, Peru

-11.95 -76.0 ISR 10 Chau/Kudeki/Hysell

Ascension Is

-7.95 -14.37 MLTR 1539 N. Mitchell
Jakarta, Indonesia -6. 107. MLTR 1540 T. Nakamura
Pontianak, Indonesia -0.3 109.0 MLTR 1249 R. Vincent
Christmas Is, Lin Islands 2. -158. MLTR 1250 R. Vincent

Tirunelveli, India

8.7 77.8 MF* 1254 S. Gurubaran

Arecibo, Puerto Rico

18.3 -66.8 ISR 20 Q. Zhou

Maui, HI, USA

20.75 -156.24 NIMTN* 7191 M. Taylor

Maui, HI, USA

20.75 -156.24 LID* 6300 C. Gardner

Kauai, HI, USA

22. -160. MLTR 1270 D. Fritts

Daytona Beach, FL, USA

29.199 -81.05 MI 5720 G. G. Sivjee
Daytona Beach, FL, USA 29.199 -81.05 CCDS* 3090 G. G. Sivjee

Yamagawa, Japan

31.2 130.6 MLTR 1275 CRL
Socorro, NM, USA 34.07 -106.92 MLTR 1580 W. Hocking
Socorro, NM, USA 34.07 -106.92 MI 5730 G. Swenson
Socorro, NM, USA 34.07 -106.92 IMINT 7180 G. Swenson
Shigaraki, Japan (MU) 34.8 136.1 ISR as MLTR 25 S. Fukao
Glade Park, CO, USA 38.99 -108.74 IMINT 7150 S. Mende
Urbana, IL, USA 40.07 -88. MLTR 1280 S. Franke

Platteville, CO, USA

40.13 -104.5 MLTR 1285 D. Thorsen, A. Manson
Platteville, CO, USA 40.13 -104.5 MLTR 1605 S. Palo
Platteville, CO, USA 40.13 -104.5 IMINT 7320 L. Kieffaber/B. Williams
Platteville, CO, USA 40.13 -104.5 IMINT* 7185 B. Williams
Platteville, CO, USA 40.13 -104.5 NIMTN 7193 M. Taylor

Fort Collins, CO, USA

40.59 -105.14 LID 6320 C.-Y. She

Abastumani Astrophysical Obs, Tbilisi, Georgia

41.8 42.8 SCPH* 4335 G. Didebulidze
Abastumani Astrophysical Obs, Tbilisi, Georgia 41.8 42.8 NIMTN* 7188 G. Didebulidze
Bear Lake, UT, USA 41.933 -111.417 IMINT 7190 M. Taylor

Millstone Hill, MA, USA

42.6 -71.5 ISR 30-33 Foster/Zhang
London, Canada 43. -83. MLTR 1300 W. Hocking
London (Clovar), Canada 43. -83. MLTR 1619 W. Hocking

Durham, NH, USA

43.12 -70.94 MLTR 1620 R. Clark

Wakkanai, Japan

45.4 141.7 MLTR 1310 Y. Murayama

Kapuskasing, Canada

49.39 -82.32 HFR 845 R. Greenwald

Kharkov, Ukraine

50.0 36.2 ISR 45 V. Taran

Saskatoon, Canada

52.16 -106.53 HFR 861 G. Sofko

Saskatoon, Canada

52. -107. MLTR 1340 A. Manson
Sheffield, UK 52. 1. MLTR 1730 N. Mitchell

Irkutsk, Russia

52.85 103.1 ISR 53 G. Zherebtsov

Goose Bay, Canada

53.32 -60.46 HFR 870 R. Greenwald
Juliusruh, Germany 54. 13. MLTR 1350 Hoffmann
Prince George, Canada 53.98 -122.59 HFR 880 G. Sofko

Obninsk, Russia

55. 37. MLTR 1750 Y. Portnyagin
Kazan, Russia 56. 49. MLTR 1760 Fahrutdinova
Kodiak Is, AK, USA 57.60 -152.2 HFR 890 W. Bristow
King Salmon, AK, USA 58.68 -156.65 HFR 895 T. Kikuchi

Hankasalmi, Finland

62.32 26.61 HFR 900 M. Lester

Stokkseyri, Iceland

63.86 -22.02 HFR 910 J. P. Villain

Pykkvibaer, Iceland

63.86 -19.20 HFR 911 M. Lester
Eagle, AK, USA 64.78 -141.16 FPI* 5445 CRL
Poker Flat, AK, USA 65.12 -147.43 FPI* 5464 CRL

Poker Flat, AK, USA

65.12 -147.43 ASI-FPS 5465 M. Conde

Poker Flat, AK, USA

65. -147. MLTR 1375 Y. Murayama

Poker Flat, AK, USA

65.12 -147.43 4CFP 4470 J. Hecht

Fort Yukon, AK, USA

66.6 -145.3 4CFP 4473 J. Hecht

Sondrestrom, Greenland

66.99 -50.95 MI 5900 G. G. Sivjee
Sondrestrom, Greenland 66.99 -50.95 CCDS 3420 G. G. Sivjee
Sondrestrom, Greenland 67.0 -51.0 4CFP 4476 J. Hecht
Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland 67.0 -51.0 LID* 6440 J. Thayer
Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland 67. -51. MLTR 2320 S. Avery

Sondrestrom, Greenland

67.0 -51.0 ISR 80 J. Thayer

EISCAT Sodankyla, Finland

67.4 26.6 ISR 70,73 A. Van Eyken

EISCAT Kiruna, Sweden

67.9 20.4 ISR 70,71 A. Van Eyken

Esrange, Sweden

68. 21. MLTR 1775 N. Mitchell

Inuvik, Canada

68.33 -133.50 FPS 5510 M. Conde
Andenes (Sousy), Norway 69. 16. MLTR 1170? W. Singer
Alomar, Norway 69. 16. MLTR 1380 D. Fritts

EISCAT Tromso, Norway

69.6 19.2 ISR 70,72,74 A. Van Eyken

Tromso, Norway

70. 19. MLTR 1390 A. Manson
Dixon Is, Russia 72. 80. MLTR 1780 Y. Portnyagin

Resolute Bay, Canada

74.68 -94.90 MI 5950 G. G. Sivjee
Resolute Bay, Canada 75. -95. MLTR 1785 W. Hocking

EISCAT Svalbard (ESR), Norway

78. 15. ISR 95 A. van Eyken
Sousy Svalbard, Norway 78. 15. MST* 1180 A. van Eyken
Longyearbyen, Svalbard NO 78.15 16.05 MI 5960 G. G. Sivjee
Longyearbyen, Svalbard NO 78.15 16.05 CCDS 3500 G. G. Sivjee

Eureka, Canada

80.22 -86.18 MI 5980 G. G. Sivjee

Eureka, Canada

80.22 -86.18 CCDS 3520 G. G. Sivjee

--Revised 05 Oct 2004 by emery@ucar.edu